Elizabethan and Jacobean
(about 1550 - 1625)

By the middle of the 16th century educated Englishmen had learnt a good deal about Italian Renaissance buildings. So when they built new mansions for themselves, although they kept many features which they were used to, such as gables and mullioned and transomed windows, they also introduced other features which were more up-to-date.

One feature they began to insist on was symmetry. The two sides of Elizabethan mansions match each other. The main door still opens out of a lofty porch into the screen passage, on one side of which is the Great Hall with its bay window. But the porch is now in the centre of the main block of the building, and if there is a bay window in the hall it is balanced by one exactly like it at the other end of the block, in the kitchen quarters.

In Elizabethan mansions the courtyard has often, but not always, been abandoned, and the rooms which had before been built in a haphazard way all round it are now fitted into wings which project at either end of the main block. These wings, with the centre porch, form a letter E in plan, which is a good way of remembering what some Elizabethan build­ings are like. Montacute House, Somerset; Hatfield House, Hertfordshire; Aston Hall, Warwickshire, are examples. Others which still have quadrangles are Burghley House, Northampton shire; Longleat, Wiltshire; and Knole, Kent.

Elizabethan Jacobean

(Top left) Staircase (Top Right) Porch (Bottom left) Moulded plaster ceiling (Bottom right) An Elizabethan mansion

Elizabethan Jacobean

(Top left) An Elizabethan room (Top right) Fireplace (Middle) Strap-work (Bottom) Half-timbered house

The front door often has a semi-circular head, and on either side of it there are columns or pilasters (sections of columns attached to a wall) similar to those the Greeks and Romans and the Italians of the Renaissance used-though the Elizabethan builders did not know the correct propor­tions of the various orders.

The porch sometimes reaches right up to the roof of the house, and above the door there is often a window with columns on each side of it and, sometimes, with a pediment over it.

In all the principal rooms there are large fireplaces with elaborate over mantels over them, sometimes reaching up to the ceiling. As the smoke now goes up the chimney and no longer has to escape through a hole in the hall roof, rooms have been built over the hall. There are many more private rooms in the house, such as dining-rooms and drawing-rooms for the family and their guests.

Ceilings are covered with plaster moulded into patterns and the walls are panelled in oak or moulded plaster.

A handsome staircase, built in straight flights around a square well, has taken the place of the Gothic spiral, and up­stairs, running the whole length of the house, there is a very long, narrow room called the Long Gallery.

Everywhere in Elizabethan and Jacobean houses, inside and outside, you will find carved or moulded patterns which look as though they are made up from interlacing straps. We call this Elizabethan strap-work.

Several of our colleges and schools date from the 16th and 17th centuries, and there are a number of market halls, such as those at Shrewsbury and Chipping Camped, and alms­houses such as the Whit gift Hospital, Croydon; Sackville College, East Grinstead; and Abbots Hospital, Guildford.

Smaller houses-the half-timbered farms, manor-houses and cottages-usually hatheir timbers much wider apart than Tudor houses, and some of the timbers are curved or placed at angles to each other to form patterns. By this time, too, builders had learnt how to erect timber-framed houses so that upper floors no longer projected beyond the lower ones. Quite small cottages, too, were now given brick fire­places, so upper rooms could be built over the main room.

"Tudor" Architecture In Relation To Wall Panelling and Oak Panelling

Examples Of Interior Wall Panelling Oak Panelling Designs Workmanship

"Late Stuart" Architecture

At Kensington Gore City Church Wall Panelling Oak Panelling Designs Architecture

"Palladian" Wall Panelling Oak Panelling Designs Architecture

Late XVIIIth Century Wall Panelling Oak Panelling Designs Architecture

The "Regency" Style

Architecture Introduction

Roman Architecture

Byzantine Architecture

Romanesque — Anglo-Saxon

Norman Architecture

Gothic Architecture

Tudor Architecture

Modern Architecture

Rectangular Keeps

Norman Architecture

Military Architecture XIIIth & XIVth Centuries

Domestic Architecture XIVth Century

Architecture-Medieval

Gothic Architecture 12th-16th Centuries

'Decorated' Gothic: 14th century

'Perpendicular' Gothic: 15th century

Elizabethan and Jacobean (about 1550 - 1625)

Renaissance Architecture in England: 17th century

Queen Anne and Georgian: 18th Century

The Regency Style (about 1800-1837)

Wall Panelling and Oak Panelling Design Criteria Through The Last 500 Years

Tudor Symmetry Wall Panelling and Oak Panelling Design Criteria Through The Last 500 Years

The English House Interior

Architectural Period and Its Influence on the Design Criteria of Wall Panelling Oak Panelling

The English Vernacular Architectural Periods and Its Influence on the Design Criteria of Wall Panelling Oak Panelling

The English Country House Architectural Periods and Its Influence on the Design Criteria of Wall Panelling Oak Panelling

Wall Panelling and Oak Panelling Design Criteria Through the Last 500 Years 

THE EARLIER PARISH WALL PANELLING CONSTRUCTION CHURCH

THE WALL PANELlING DESIGNS OF  WILLIAM KENT

WALL PANELLING DESIGNS ROBERT ADAM TO THE REGENCY

THE WALL PANELLING DESIGN WORKS OF ROBERT ADAM

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